Autism Spectrum Disorder and Early Literacy: Common Misconceptions


If you have a young child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), you may think that it’s too early to start thinking about reading and writing. That is not the case, however. It’s never too early to start thinking about your child’s literacy skills!

Children with ASD don’t always develop early literacy skills in the same order or along the same timeline as other children. Some children with ASD know their alphabet letters at a very young age. However, they may lack other important early literacy skills, such as understanding why people read and write, or understanding the characters’ actions or intentions in a story. A small percentage of children with ASD (5-10%) can sound out letters and read words better than they can understand what they read (this is sometimes referred to as “hyperlexia”) [1]. But many children with ASD struggle with both reading words and understanding what they read.

There are some common misconceptions when it comes to helping young children with ASD develop reading and writing skills.

Click here to learn about some of these misconceptions, along with some helpful tips that you can use with your child.

Target Age
3-6 , 6-12
Skill Development , Current Research
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